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Teaching Physics through Ancient Chinese Science and Technology

Matt Marone

Description

The field of Asian studies is rapidly growing and the traditional study of Asian philosophy, art, language and literature is branching out into scientific realms. At the same time, there is a growing need to educate young people in science technology and mathematics (STEM). Reaching non-science majors with the basic principles of physics presents a particularly unique challenge. This work is designed to appeal to a range of students and presents scientific principles through the technology and inventions of ancient China. Detailed experiments are included which enable students to analyze ancient technology using modern laboratory techniques. Each experiment introduces the historical context and provides associated Chinese vocabulary. On the surface, these experiments involve recreating a Chinese technology. On a deeper level, we find connections to the scientific method and techniques of experimental analysis. Thus, an activity such as making paper, turns into a lesson on statistics and graphical analysis. Topics included in this volume cover one-dimensional motion, energy conservation, rotational equilibrium and elasticity. We also explore the nature of science and include an introduction to the Chinese language. Laboratory experiments include constructing a weighing balance and the stress-strain analysis of silk.

About Editors

Matt Marone is an Associate Professor at Mercer University in Macon, Georgia, where he teaches physics, astronomy and Asian studies. He received his PhD and MS from Clemson University, and a BS in physics from the Rochester Institute of Technology. In the early 1990s he worked as a post-doctoral researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing. At Mercer he teaches a range of physics topics, including several specialized classes in observational astronomy, acoustical foundations of music and ancient Chinese science.

Table of Contents

Contents
Preface
Author's Note
Chapter 1- Introduction
Notes on the Chinese Language and Terms
Is it really science?
Chapter 2- Kinematics (运动学Yùndòngxué)
Chapter 3- Force (力 lì)
Chapter 4-Torque (力矩lìjǔ)
Chapter 5- Energy (能Néng) and Momentum (动量Dòngliàng)
Energy Conservation (能量守恒Néngliàngshǒuhéng)
Momentum and Force
Chapter 6- Experiments
List of Laboratory Experiments
Paper Making (造纸Zàozhǐ)
Objective
Chinese Vocabulary:
Materials:
Introduction:
Experimental:
Analytical Method:
Varying the Drying Force
Procedure for Paper Making, Data Sheet-Force Variation
Measuring the Thickness
Analysis:
Points to consider in analysis:
Alternative methods of Analysis:
DATA SHEETS
For Paper Making Experiment
Stress-Strain Curves of Silk Thread
(丝线应力应变曲线 Sīxiàn yìnglì-yìngbiàn qūxiàn)
Objective:
Chinese Vocabulary:
Materials:
Introduction:
Experimental:
Procedure to degum the cocoon:
Silk Reeling
Part 2 Stress-strain testing
Stress-Strain Measurements
Procedure for Stress-Strain Analysis
Analysis
Methods for measuring the diameter of the silk strand
DATA SHEETS
For Silk Stress-Strain Experiments
Steelyard Balance (秤Chèng )
Objective:
Chinese Vocabulary:
Materials:
Introduction:
Experimental: Construction
How to use the秤chèng balance
Analysis:
DATA SHEETS For 秤Chèng

Bibliographic

Paperback ISBN: 9780750329941

Ebook ISBN: 9781643274577

DOI: 10.1088/2053-2571/ab03cb

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

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