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Smart External Stimulus-Responsive Nanocarriers for Drug and Gene Delivery

Mahdi Karimi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Amir Ghasemi, Michael R Hamblin

Description

The concept of smart drug delivery vehicles involves designing and preparing a nanostructure (or microstructure) that can be loaded with a cargo: this can be a therapeutic drug, a contrast agent for imaging, or a nucleic acid for gene therapy. The nanocarrier serves to protect the cargo from degradation by enzymes in the body, to enhance the solubility of insoluble drugs, to extend the circulation half-life, and to enhance its penetration and accumulation at the target site. Importantly, smart nanocarriers can be designed to be responsive to a specific stimulus, so that the cargo is only released or activated when desired. In this volume we cover smart nanocarriers that respond to externally applied stimuli that usually involve the application of physical energy. This physical energy can be applied from outside the body and can either cause cargo release, or can activate the nanostructure to be cytotoxic, or both. The stimuli covered include light of various wavelengths (ultraviolet, visible or infrared), temperature (increased or decreased), magnetic fields (used to externally manipulate nanostructures and to activate them), ultrasound, and electrical and mechanical forces. Finally, we discuss the issue of nanotoxicology and the future scope of the field.

About Editors

Mahdi Karimi, Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Amir Ghasemi, Polymeric Materials Research Group, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Michael R Hamblin, Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents: Introduction / Light-sensitive nanocarriers / Temperature-sensitive nanocarriers / Magnetic-responsive nanocarriers / Ultrasound-responsive nanocarriers / Electrical and mechanical-responsive nanocarriers / Nanotoxicology and future scope for smart nanoparticles

Bibliographic

Paperback ISBN: 9780750328074

Ebook ISBN: 9781681740102

DOI: 10.1088/978-1-6817-4202-1

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

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