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Radiation Dose Management of Pregnant Patients, Pregnant Staff and Paediatric Patients

Diagnostic and interventional radiology
John Damilakis

Description

X-ray diagnostic or interventional examinations are needed during pregnancy to provide information for significant medical problems and emergency situations. When this occurs, it is important to follow the right steps to minimize conceptus radiation dose. Occasionally, pregnant patients are also exposed accidentally to X-rays. These patients need different dose management in comparison with those exposed intentionally. Furthermore, proper dose management is needed for pregnant staff working with X-rays. Additionally, the dose management of paediatric patients undergoing radiology procedures requires special attention because children are especially vulnerable to X-rays. They have longer life expectancy to develop radiogenic health effects and they receive a higher radiation dose than necessary if the acquisition protocol is not adjusted to their small body size.

This book reflects the broad advances that have been made in the field of medical dosimetry and medical radiation protection, and it provides information about the practical use of new information in radiation dose management of pregnant patients, pregnant staff and paediatric patients in diagnostic and interventional radiology. It is suitable for students, lecturers, researchers and practitioners interested in the fields of medical dosimetry, medical radiation protection and diagnostic and interventional radiology.


About Editors

John Damilakis is a professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Crete and is chairman of the Medical Physics Department. He is president of the European Federation of Organizations in Medical Physics (EFOMP), and chairman of the International Organization for Medical Physics (IOMP) Education and Training committee. Damilakis has more than 200 publications concerning research topics of medical radiation protection, CT dosimetry, embryo/fetal dosimetry, quality assurance and dosimetry in bone densitometry. He has also been awarded several prizes in recognition of his work in the field of medical physics.

Table of Contents

1 Dosimetry

2 Biological effects of exposure to ionizing radiation during gestation and childhood

3 Parameters that influence conceptus and paediatric patient radiation dose from radiodiagnostic procedures

4 Amount of dose absorbed by the conceptus and paediatric patients from diagnostic and interventional radiology

5 Methods to calculate conceptus and paediatric dose

6 Optimization of radiological examinations performed during pregnancy

7 Optimization of examinations performed on paediatric patients

8 The management of pregnant patients and pregnant employees

Appendix

Bibliographic

Hardback ISBN: 9780750313186

Ebook ISBN: 9780750313179

DOI: 10.1088/978-0-7503-1317-9

Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing

Series: IPEM-IOP Series in Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology

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