Paperback$44.95
Ebook$35.96
Add to Cart

Electrons in Solids

Contemporary topics
Richard A Dunlap

Description

The transport of electric charge through most materials is well described in terms of their electronic band structure. This book, however, deals with two cases where the charge transport in a solid is not described by the simple band structure picture of the solid. These cases are related to the phenomena of the quantum Hall effect and superconductivity. Part I of this text deals with the quantum Hall effect, which is a consequence of the behaviour of electrons in solids when they are constrained to move in two dimensions. Part II describes the behaviour of superconductors, where electrons are bound together in Cooper pairs and travel through a material without resistance.

About Editors

Richard A Dunlap received a BS in physics from Worcester Polytechnic Institute, an AM in physics from Dartmouth College and a PhD in physics from Clark University. He currently holds an appointment as a research professor in the Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science at Dalhousie University, and his previous books include Experimental Physics: Modern Methods, The Golden Ratio and Fibonacci Numbers, An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclei and Particles, Sustainable Energy, Novel Microstructures for Solids, Particle Physics, The Mössbauer Effect and Lasers and Their Application to the Observation of Bose–Einstein Condensates.

Table of Contents

Part I The Quantum Hall Effect

Chapter 1 The normal Hall effect

 1.1 Introduction

 1.2 Basic physics of the Hall effect

 1.3 The Hall effect and holes

 1.4 The effective mass tensor

 1.5 Applications of the Hall effect

 References and suggestions for further reading

 

Chapter 2 The integer quantum Hall effect

 2.1 Introduction

 2.2: Discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect

 References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 3 High magnetic field technology

 3.1 Introduction

 3.2 Solenoids

 3.3 Magnetic core electromagnets

 3.4 Superconducting magnets

3

 3.5 Bitter solenoids

 References and suggestions for further reading

 

Chapter 4 Integer quantum Hall effect theory

 4.1 Introduction

 4.2 Quantum harmonic oscillator

 4.3 Landau levels

 4.4 Landau level degeneracy

 4.5 Lifting of the Landau level degeneracy

 4.6 Explanation of the plateaus

 References and suggestions for further reading

 

Chapter 5 The fractional quantum Hall effect

 5.1 Introduction

 5.2 Discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect

 5.3 Theory of the fractional quantum Hall effect

 References and suggestions for further reading

 

Chapter 6 Applications of the quantum Hall effect

 6.1 Introduction

 6.2 The resistance standard

 6.3 Relationship of the quantum Hall effect to physical constants

 References and suggestions for further reading

Part II Superconductivity

Chapter 7 Superconductivity and magnetism

 7.1 Introduction

 7.2 The discovery of superconductivity

4

 7.3 The effect of magnetic fields on superconductors

 7.4 Diamagnetism and the Meissner effect

 References and suggestions for further reading

 

Chapter 8 Other properties of superconductors

 8.1 Introduction

 8.2 The London penetration depth

 8.3 Flux quantization

 8.4 The isotope effect

 8.5 Specific heat

 References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 9 BCS theory

 9.1 Introduction

 9.2 Cooper pair formation

 9.3 The superconducting energy gap

 9.4 The coherence length

 References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 10 High temperature superconductivity

 10.1 Introduction

 10.2 The discovery of high temperature superconductors

 10.3 Properties of high temperature superconductors

 10.4 The theory of high temperature superconductivity

 References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 11 The Josephson effect

 11.1 Introduction

 11.2 The Josephson effect

5

 References and suggestions for further reading

Chapter 12 Superconductor applications

 12.1 Introduction

 12.2 Power transmission

 12.3 Particle physics

 12.4 Fusion research

 12.5 SQUIDs

 References and suggestions for further reading 

Bibliographic

Paperback ISBN: 9780750330114

Ebook ISBN: 9781643276892

DOI: 10.1088/2053-2571/ab2f2c

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

Reviews


« Back