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An Approach to Dark Matter Modelling

Tanushree Basak

Description

In the field of particle and astrophysics one of the major unresolved problems is to understand the nature and properties of dark matter, which constitutes almost 80% of the matter content of the universe. This book gives a pedagogical introduction to the field of dark matter in general, and in particular to the model building perspective. Starting from the evidence and need for dark matter, it goes into the deeper understanding of how to accommodate a dark matter candidate in a particle physics model. This book focuses on teaching the basic tools for model building of dark matter, starting from the easiest and gradually progressing to the most difficult. Although there are plenty of dark matter models available, this book concentrates on the important ones. It aims to motivate the reader to propose a new dark matter model complying with all observational constraints.

About Editors

Tanushree Basak received her masters in physics from the University of Calcutta, India. She pursued her research interest by moving to the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. She later earned her doctorate working on the phenomenology of particle dark matter models. She is currently working as an Assistant Professor in Physics in the Department of Science and Humanities at Indus University, Ahmedabad, India. Her primary research fields are supersymmetry, physics beyond standard model, dark matter and neutrino physics.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Why dark matter?
1.2 Evidences of Dark matter
1.2.1 Rotation Curves
1.2.2 Gravitational lensing
1.2.3 Cosmological evidence
Bibliography

2 Particle Dark Matter Candidates : constraints from observations
2.1 Dark Matter particle candidates
2.1.1 Weakly interacting massive particles
2.1.2 Non-thermal Relics
2.2 Dark matter Searches
2.2.1 Direct Detection
2.2.2 Indirect Detection
2.2.3 Collider search on Dark Matter
2.3 Constraints on Dark matter candidate
Bibliography

3 WIMP Dark Matter Model : simplest extension of Standard Model
3.1 Why WIMP is a popular choice?
3.2 Singlet Scalar Dark Matter
3.3 Singlet Fermionic Dark Matter
3.3.1 Constraints from LHC
3.3.2 Constraints from relic density and direct detection
3.4 Inert Doublet Higgs Model
3.4.1 Dark matter in IDM
3.5 Two component dark matter model
3.5.1 Model
3.5.2 Relic density
Bibliography

4 Generation of Neutrino mass and Dark matter : a unified scenario
4.1 Seesaw mechanism and Dark matter
4.2 Gauged B L extension of Standard Model
4.2.1 Neutrino mass generation
4.2.2 Calculation of Relic abundance
4.2.3 Spin-independent scattering cross-section
4.3 Scotogenic dark matter model
Bibliography

5 Supersymmetric Dark Matter Model : a popular choice
5.1 Hierarchy problem in SM
5.2 Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model
5.2.1 Dark matter in MSSM
5.2.2 Scalar interaction cross-section
5.3 Non-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM)
5.4 Triplet extensions of MSSM .
5.4.1 Triplet-Singlet MSSM
Bibliography

6 FIMP as Dark Matter
6.1 Feebly Interacting Massive particle
6.1.1 Freeze-in mechanism
6.1.2 Higgs portal FIMP Model
6.1.3 Detection Prospects
Bibliography

7 Conclusion and Outlook

A Appendix
A.1 Appendix 1 : Calculation of w(s)

Bibliographic

Paperback ISBN: 9780750329361

Ebook ISBN: 9781643271316

DOI: 10.1088/978-1-64327-132-3

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

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